A Complete Guide To Understanding Non-Fungible Tokens – Examples, How NFTs Works, Use Cases & Future

7 min read

Blockchain and cryptocurrency have gained immense traction over the years. Additionally, non-fungible tokens (NFTs) have become popular even though critics think they’re dead, and now, they are at the forefront of the art and virtual collectibles sector. NFTs are positioned as digital alternatives to collectibles, similar to how Bitcoin was touted as the digital replacement for cash.

NFTs are among the most critical and persistent modern innovations in memes, sports, fashion, tech, finance, and other fields. As with any new technology, it can be difficult to comprehend NFTs and everything going on in the field. If you are curious to find out more about NFTs, you are at the right place!

Today, we’ll go through what NFTs are, how they operate, and what the future of these digital collectibles holds.

What are NFTs?

NFTs are typically produced using the same kind of engineering as cryptocurrencies. They are digital assets made up of blockchain technology. However, they cannot be sold or exchanged in the same manner as other cryptographic commodities.

Blockchain enables the existence of NFTs. It is often referred to as distributed ledger technology and functions fundamentally as a shared database amongst computers. It develops a worldwide computer system for information sharing. Blockchain helps complete digital transactions more quickly and efficiently than conventional online transfer methods. Blockchain transactions don’t need an intermediary, are impossible to fabricate, and are secured by sophisticated encryptions, making them incredibly challenging to hack.

An NFT’s data can be linked to digital photos, avatars, videos, music, and other content. Furthermore, they can also be utilized to grant an NFT owner premium access to goods, tickets to physical or virtual events, and even be connected to physical things like yachts or vehicles.

In the long term, NFTs might represent a variety of non-digital commodities, like real estate, agreements, or certificates, as long as they still contain a digital component to demonstrate ownership.

Examples of Successful NFTs

1.    CryptoPunks

One remarkable example of an NFT is CryptoPunks. CryptoPunks produces 10,000 unique pieces of digital artwork. The bestselling NFT, CryptoPunk #9998, traded for a whopping $530 million in 2021. This demonstrated the potential financial success of NFT art. An algorithm built based on a set of characteristics specified by its designers produced all 10,000 CryptoPunks items randomly.

The idea of publishing a small handful of pixel art avatars that people may use as profile pictures to reveal their digital identity was successfully implemented for the first time by Larva Labs, the company that created CryptoPunks.

2.    NBA Top Shot

NBA Top Shot has become one of the most well-liked NFTs recently. The National Basketball Association and Dapper Labs have partnered on it. The NBA licenses personal highlight reels and other material to Dapper Labs, which digitizes the footage and sells it to customers.

Each reel features a video clip, such as a successful basketball player’s jump, some with distinctive camera angles and graphic artwork. The company recently secured $305 million in capital and has already produced $230 million in revenue.

How Does an NFT Work?

NFTs can be purchased and sold similarly to other physical forms of art because the marketplace and demand mostly determine their worth. The procedure of producing and selling NFTs is relatively straightforward.

A person or business chooses a special asset to offer as an NFT. They mint the item, which produces the NFT, and add it to a blockchain that accepts NFTs. Now, the object is represented by the NFT on the blockchain, and ownership evidence is confirmed in an everlasting record.

The NFT can be purchased, sold, and exchanged utilizing NFT platforms and auctions or retained as a private collection component. Moreover, it is simple to confirm and authenticate the possession of NFTs and the movement of tokens among owners, thanks to their specific data.

Use Cases of NFTs

Recently, the market for NFT artwork has skyrocketed. However, there is still a great deal of confusion. Since digital files are typically associated with NFTs, people may be doubtful about investing in these assets. Folks who enjoy collecting art and those who trade cryptocurrencies frequently use NFTs. However, it also has various uses besides this. Let’s have a look:

1.    Investment

Many NFT owners solely desire an asset with an increasing value. In this sense, some collectors view NFTs as investments similar to how they would view traditional art. For example, in March 2021, Mike Winkelmann, better known as Beeple, sold his collage, Everydays: The First 5000 Days at Christie’s, for $69 million.

Some people might find it unusual that anyone can view and engage with the image. However, there may only be one NFT holder. Due to market volatility, investing in NFT also has a high chance of suffering significant losses. For example, a famous YouTuber, Logan Paul, sustained a huge loss after the value of an NFT that he bought for over half a million dollars fell to only $10.

2.    Real Estate

NFTs can keep track of property prices over time and retain important information, including deed transfers, land transfer fees, and proof of ownership. Smart contracts enable automatic payments, uphold cooperation between sellers and purchasers and securely preserve critical payment information.

3.    Gaming

Game developers have also shown a significant interest in NFTs. NFTs can offer players a variety of advantages. Typically, the only thing you can do in an online game is purchase goods for your character. When incorporating NFTs, you can recover your investment by selling the things after use.

4.    Voting

Anybody can vote virtually and authentically thanks to NFTs’ virtual identification and recognition capabilities. A massive increase in the number of votes internationally might be observed when all the regulatory and bureaucratic red tape is eliminated in favor of efficient and straightforward blockchain technology.

5.    Medicine and Healthcare

One of the most prominent uses of NFTs lies in the healthcare sector. In the United States, approximately $1.2 billion worth of clinical documentation is created annually, but 80 percent of that information is unorganized and susceptible to exploitation and theft.

NFTs give people a chance to own digital content. They can protect patient records and democratize access to confidential medical information. NFTs have a built-in feature that enables monitoring.  Consumers might be able to observe their medical information. Only their healthcare provider may access it, and no other user can bypass the security.

6.    Supply Chain

NFTs can help suppliers eliminate obstacles, increase the transparency of supply networks, and prevent disruption throughout all supply chain stages, from recruitment to production to shipping.

NFTs create digital footprints linked to the object during its lifetime instead of the intricate paper records accompanying transactional possession. They can help lessen or even remove data-flow discrepancies by enabling all parties in the supply chain to view the record on the ledger.

7.    Ticketing

NFTs can potentially change the ticketing business in several ways. They can reduce cheating, increase productivity, and enable the production of collectible NFT tickets. Paper tickets can be misplaced or destroyed, while NFT tickets permanently stay in the user’s wallet, provided they still retain access.

Criticism Regarding NFTs

NFTs have certain drawbacks. Many investors have good reasons to be hesitant about buying tokenized commodities. Let’s look at a few of these criticisms.

1.    Environmental Damage

The primary criticism of NFTs comes from the power requirements of the blockchain utilized to create tokens. However, blockchain supporters assert that less travel and office area utilization is required due to NFTs, which they believe results in a reduction in pollution.

Moreover, it is inaccurate to state that NFTs are harmful since the blockchain’s energy requirements have not been calculated. Most projections of blockchain’s ecological consequences are based on dubious studies and overstated assertions. Drawing assumptions about blockchain’s ecological footprint without understanding the particular combination of energy sources miners employ is likewise incorrect.

NFTs are not inherently bad, even though they consume a lot of electricity. It’s also crucial to remember that many NFTs are no longer using the proof-of-work (PoW) consensus mechanism used by Bitcoin. Since Ethereum’s switch to the proof-of-stake (PoS) mechanism, most NFTs are being minted using blockchains that don’t require a lot of energy. As a result, it is not true to say that NFTs cause environmental destruction.

2.    Volatility

The sector isn’t extremely liquid because NFTs are still in their early phases. In addition, there are few prospective buyers and dealers of NFTs, and they are little understood. Consequently, trading NFTs can be difficult. Additionally, it implies that there may be wide price variations for NFT. Therefore, investors should exercise caution before making a purchase.

3.    Scams

Another accusation typically raised about NFTs is that they’re utilized for fraudulent activities. Critics refer to rug pulls, wash trading, embezzlement, and other dishonest conduct widespread in the NFT arena. In fact, various artists have publicly revealed that they discovered their NFTs being sold on online markets without their consent.

The goal of using NFT to expedite the selling of paintings is obviously at odds with this. An NFT uses a distinctive token to validate a genuine work of art, ensuring that the individual who possesses the token also holds the original piece.

When someone makes an electronic copy of the original piece, ties a token to it, and distributes it on an online market, this poses a severe issue. There isn’t even a connection to the original piece. Instead, the token is linked with a fabricated copy and can be quite hazardous.

Investing in NFTs

Investing in NFTs can undoubtedly be fruitful, but only if done correctly while following all protocols. A few choices are available to you if you want to venture into the NFT industry.

Several online markets allow customers to purchase NFTs. Nifty Gateway, YellowHeart, SuperRare, OpenSea, and countless other companies enable customers to invest in NFTs and have their names listed on a ledger. Developing and trading your work on these marketplaces could be worthwhile if you are an artist or content provider. You can make money where you might not have been able to without the help of these websites.

There are different processes for each website to register and begin selling. However, you can convert almost any drawing, audio file, movie, or other work of art into a valuable digital asset that can legally sell once you have chosen a suitable and reliable platform.

Future of NFTs

The influence that NFTs have had in a short amount of time shows how quickly developing technology can influence our future. We will undoubtedly start integrating these innovations into our daily lives as the globe transitions towards the Web3 age. NFT offers prospective artists extra benefits on media platforms and increased media exposure.

Instagram also has plans to offer NFTs to its users. The platform intends to make it easier to purchase and sell NFTs, which will legitimize the NFT marketplace. For example, it may be possible for an artist to offer NFTs through Instagram in the future.

In the long term, NFTs will make huge strides for content creators. It is being seen that handling creative assets would no longer require using standard representation and distribution networks. The publication and selling of creators’ works will be completely within their control, and they can earn hefty amounts through it.

Final Verdict

The main lesson is that NFTs have certain pros and cons, but it is worth learning about them. Your smartest investment decision is to discover the assets you would prefer to own and do whatever is necessary to get them. NFTs remain in their infancy despite the meteoric rise in popularity we have witnessed in recent years, and it is never too late to begin. If you decide to enter the NFT environment, we hope you enjoy the experience!